China to build space-based solar power station by 2035

China plans to accomplish a 200-tonne megawatt-level space-based solar power station by 2035, according to the China Academy of Space Technology.

The space-based solar power station would capture the sun’s energy that never makes it to the planet, said Wang Li, a CAST research fellow with the program, when attending the sixth China-Russia Engineering Forum held last week in Xiamen, southeast China’s Fujian Province.

The energy is converted to microwaves or lasers and then beamed wirelessly back to the Earth’s surface for human consumption, Wang said.

“We hope to strengthen international cooperation and make scientific and technological breakthroughs so that humankind can achieve the dream of limitless clean energy at an early date,” Wang said.

Custom Solar Panel from WSL Solar

Compared with traditional fossil energy, which has been increasingly exhausted and is responsible for severe environmental issues, space-based solar power is more efficient and sustainable, providing a reliable power supply solution for satellites and disaster-hit areas or isolated areas on the Earth, Wang said.

The concept of collecting solar power in space was popularized by science fiction author Isaac Asimov in 1941. In 1968, Peter Glaser, an American aerospace engineer, wrote a formal proposal for a solar-based system in space.

China has proposed various sunlight collecting solutions and made a number of major breakthroughs in wireless energy transmission since the country listed space-based solar power as a key research program in 2008.

However, ambition has long been a challenge for current technology because it involves the launch and installation of numerous solar panel modules and the efficient wireless transmission of mega energy.

With an investment of 200 million yuan ($28.4 million), China is building a testing base in Bishan, southwest China’s Chongqing Municipality, for the research of high-power wireless energy transmission and its impact on the environment.

Researches in this field will spur the country’s space science and innovation in emerging industries like commercial space transportations, Wang said.

Source from ChinaDaily

*** About WSL Solar ***
WSL Solar has been a quality and professional manufacturer of custom solar panels and solar solution provider in China since 2006.
https://www.wsl-solar.com/

What’s the Construction of a Small Custom Solar Panel?

A solar panel is a device that converts solar energy into electrical energy. Since solar panels can be customized flexibly, small custom solar panels have been applied to many off-grid solar applications, such as solar chargers, solar attic fans, and solar LED lights etc.

Usually the solar panels we see are a complete piece of panel, but do you know what the internal structure of the solar panels is?

Small Custom Solar Panel

Here, we mainly introduce the crystal silicon solar panels that are more common on the market as an example.

The structure of crystalline silicon solar panels is usually: tempered glass / EVA / solar cell / EVA / backsheet.

Solar Panel Construction

(1) Tempered glass: Its function is to protect the main body of power generation (such as solar cells). The choice of light transmission is required:

1. The light transmittance must be high (generally 91% or more); 2. Ultra-white tempering treatment.

(2) EVA: Used to bond fixed tempered glass and solar cell. The quality of transparent EVA material directly affects the life of solar panels. EVA exposed to air is prone to aging and yellowing, thus affecting the light transmission of solar panels, so then, affecting the power generation quality of the solar panels. In addition to the quality of the EVA itself, the influence of the lamination process of the custom solar panel manufacturers is also very large. For example, if the EVA adhesiveness is not up to standard, the bonding strength of EVA and tempered glass and backing plate is insufficient, which will cause EVA early aging, thus affects solar panel’s life.

(3) Solar Cell: Solar cells are the core components of solar panels. The main function of solar cell is power generation. 

(4) Back sheet: Its function is sealed, insulated and waterproof. Generally, materials such as TPT and TPE must be resistant to aging. Most solar panel manufacturers are guaranteed for 25 years. Tempered glass and aluminum alloys are generally no problem. The key is whether the back sheet and silica gel can meet the requirements.

 When the solar cell is soldered, the next step is to laminate, according to the following sequence, tempered glass / EVA / solar cell / EVA / back plate, stacked, and then sent to the laminator for vacuuming, and high temperature lamination. EVA is solid at room temperature, but when EVA is exposed to high temperatures, it becomes liquid. Therefore, in the laminator, after the EVA is melted into a liquid state, the solar cell sheet and the tempered glass and the back sheet are glued together.

Just after laminating from the laminator, usually on the four sides of the solar panel, there is some excess EVA overflow, which requires a knife to cut and burr. After processing, a complete solar panel is produced.

Editor: Carrie Wong / WSL Solar