Signed a Contract for the “Redouble” Project of 14.5 Billion, Focusing on the Three Latest Trends of JinkoSolar

Jinko Energy, a leading company in the solar photovoltaic industry, has spread new trends.

The expansion of production, the progress of patent cases and the technical planning constitute the three latest trends of JinkoSolar.

On the morning of April 14th, JinkoSolar’s multiplication project signing event was held.

WSL Solar – Manufacturer of Custom Solar Panel

The total investment of Jinko’s “redouble” project is 14.5 billion yuan to build a 10GW high-efficiency solar module, a 10GW diamond wire slice, and a 10GW high-efficiency solar cell production and R & D headquarters. It is planned to start construction one month after signing the contract and complete the construction and trial production before the end of this year. It will reach full production in 2021, and it is estimated that the main business income will reach 36 billion yuan per year after the completion of production.

It is understood that Jinko Solar Energy Co., Ltd. settled in the Shangrao Economic Development Zone in June 2006 and is one of the largest solar photovoltaic product manufacturers in China. In 2019, the total solar module shipments reached 14.3GW, compared with 2018 An increase of 25.6%, which has ranked first in the world for four consecutive years.

After the “redoubled” project reaches production, JinkoSolar’s solar module shipments are expected to account for 20% of the global market share.

With regard to the progress of the patent case with Hanwha, JinkoSolar also received good news.

JinkoSolar announced in Jacksonville, Florida on April 13 that it has made two independent and important developments in the defense of the patent case filed by Hanwha Q Cells.

The administrative judge ruled that JinkoSolar had not infringed Hanwha’s patent, and Judge MaryJoan McNamara had issued a preliminary ruling approving the motion of summary summary of non-infringement submitted by JinkoSolar. The US International Trade Commission will review the ruling and submit a review opinion within 30 days.

Jinko Energy CEO Chen Kangping said, “The rulings made by the two organizations prove our position from the beginning of the case: Hanwha Q Cells’ allegations based on its single patent have no technical and legal basis, and its intention is only to slow our development momentum. JinkoSolar strongly supports fair competition in the market and respects the intellectual property rights of all companies in the industry. We look forward to continuing to serve global customers with our market-leading innovative solar modules and continuing our growth momentum. “

In the technical process, Netcom Jinko Energy has been looking for a path for the 600 watt process and the team has officially entered the blueprint stage of technical planning.

In recent years, the photovoltaic industry has become increasingly subject to Moore’s Law, which has turned the industry’s attention to increasing the size of silicon wafers.

With the adjustment of silicon wafer size, the advancement of solar cell welding technology, the improvement of solar module encapsulation technology, the coordination of inverter, bracket and power station design, the prospect of accelerated power increase is expected, and it may become the largest opportunity in the photovoltaic industry in history.

In this regard, JinkoSolar believes that size should not be synonymous with technology. Customers are not paying for silicon wafer size but for solar module power and efficiency. Rather than betting on the superiority of the size of solar module manufacturers, it is better to change the customer’s power station design and usage habits, continue the existing mature specifications, and achieve power improvement.

As a result, Jinko’s Cheetah used 158 silicon wafers for the first time to cut power from this new perspective. This opened a whole new direction for the industry.

JinkoSolar said that for end customers, what they are more concerned about is not what kind of silicon wafer size, but what kind of solar module power, and what kind of products can bring them the greatest investment value, what kind of Products can have both high power and maturity of integration.

In addition, JinkoSolar is optimistic about the impact of the epidemic on the solar photovoltaic industry.

Li Xiande said that the “crisis” that has not been encountered in a hundred years must hide the “opportunity” that has not been encountered in a hundred years. It is believed that once the epidemic is effectively controlled, photovoltaic will be one of the fastest recovering industries.

“If this epidemic can give us a firm belief, it is that photovoltaic will play a more indispensable role, supporting the next most critical new infrastructure investment in world recovery, especially green, low-carbon power facilities. New construction, thereby driving demand, providing employment and accelerating energy transformation. “Li Xiande said.

Posted by Carrie Wong | WSL Solar 

WSL Solar has been a quality and professional manufacturer of custom solar panel and solar solution provider in China since 2006.

Longi: 2020 is the Best Time for BIPV to Take Off

After years of development, BIPV is moving from concept to landing. 

More and more companies realize that the integration of solar photovoltaic modules and building materials is a double benefit for the solar photovoltaic industry and the construction industry, and in the process has set off a new revolution in green development. 

At present, the integration of green intelligent power generation systems in buildings has become the consensus of all countries and the trend of building development. 

BIPV is already well-equipped in China and will usher in rapid development. It is reported that in June 2020, a BIPV project with an installed capacity of up to 40.9 MW in Jiangxi Province will be completed and will be the largest BIPV project in the world after completion. 

BIPV exceeds the “trillion” market development potential, so that many solar photovoltaic companies are “coveted”. 

Custom Solar Panel from WSL Solar

Longji announced that in the second half of 2020, the company will join the BIPV market army and is expected to launch new BIPV products and solutions, which will further promote the rapid development of the domestic BIPV market. 

Longji New Energy said that for the Chinese BIPV industry, the industrial and commercial roof market has a huge capacity. According to data statistics, the total area of ​​photovoltaics that can be installed on the roofs of existing industrial and commercial (including public buildings) nationwide is about 6 billion square meters, and the facade is about 1.6 billion square meters, totaling nearly 8 billion square meters. If all are built into BIPV, a total of 1100GW can be installed, equivalent to A potential market of 5.5 trillion yuan. 

As early as two years ago, CITIC Bo discovered the huge business opportunities in the BIPV market. Relying on its own technical advantages, it carried out the preliminary layout, compared the advantages and disadvantages of various types of BIPV projects at home and abroad, and carried out technical research on the core difficulties. 

CITIC Bo predicts that in the future, more owners will adopt BIPV integrated solutions. While enjoying the green benefits of solar power generation, they will also save the capital cost and time of roof repairs. 

As one of the earliest domestic enterprises engaged in solar photovoltaic power generation business, Dongfang Risheng is also actively deploying BIPV. At the beginning of 2020, Dongfang Risheng said that the company has reserved and applied BIPV-related technologies. 

It is understood that Dongfang Risheng Changzhou’s 2.05MW BIPV project has passed the grid acceptance on August 28, 2019 and started generating electricity. It is estimated that the average annual power generation is about 2 million kWh, and the internal investment return rate is 14.8%. 

JinkoSolar has given a forecast of the legislative requirements for photovoltaic buildings. Jinkoko Electric said that by 2025, more and more countries and regions will adopt local regulations to modify or add building standards for local application of solar energy systems. It is required that within a certain height, new residential buildings above a certain area must be installed with photovoltaic systems; all suitable industrial and commercial roofs of the park must be installed with photovoltaics, which will also be incorporated into local park management regulations. 

The industry believes that BIPV is a key technical factor to solve the demand for near-zero energy consumption of building electricity. With the rapid reduction in the cost of the solar photovoltaic industry chain in recent years, the photovoltaic industry has moved from solar photovoltaic power plants to BIPV, and the industry has moved from policy dependence to no In the era of subsidies, the rise of spontaneous market demand will open up a broad space for the development of BIPV.

Longji said that 2020 is the starting point of the rise of BIPV, and BIPV’s investment income can recover the investment in the construction of the entire house within 20-25 years. 

LONGi shares revealed that in China, LONGi’s involvement in BIPV is mainly to enlarge the company’s industrial park, logistics and other major customers, and will not be pushed out to residents for the time being. 

Longji shares once said in a conference call, “Now Longji has done a lot of IP layout, more is the intellectual property protection of appearance and structure, that is, customer recognition, this should be the new blue ocean. In addition, in the photovoltaic scenario such as Rural distributed energy storage plus diesel backup can reduce costs, which is why the company is involved in BIPV (photovoltaic building materials). ” 

Lungi believes that with the continuous decline of BIPV investment costs, the continuous improvement of industry standards and the continuous completion of certification qualifications, market growth is expected to accelerate. Now, perhaps the best time for BIPV to take off. 

Posted by Carrie Wong | WSL Solar  

WSL Solar has been a quality and professional manufacturer of custom solar panel and solar solution provider in China since 2006.

Source from

Trends of over 30 Solar Photovoltaic Companies (2)

CSG A raises 3.15 billion yuan to build a new solar photovoltaic glass production line

On March 5, CSG A announced the preliminary plan for the non-public issuance of A shares. According to the announcement, the total amount of funds to be raised in this non-public issuance of A shares is not more than 4.5 billion yuan (including the principal). It is used for the project of manufacturing base of light and highly transparent panels for solar equipment, supplementing working capital and repaying bank loans.

JinkoSolar’s 30GW photovoltaic solar modules and supporting projects settled in Shangrao, Jiangxi

On March 10, 2020, a 30GW photovoltaic solar module and supporting project of Shangrao Jinko Energy with a total investment of 13.5 billion yuan was held in the Shangrao Economic Development Zone. This project construction is the project with the largest investment in Shangrao this year, and thus Shangrao has also become the world’s largest solar photovoltaic base. After the project is completed, it can add 36 billion yuan in main business revenue each year and achieve 750 million yuan in tax revenue, which is equivalent to rebuilding a Jinko Energy, consolidating the supremacy of Shangrao’s “World Solar Photovoltaic” city.

Custom Solar Panel for Agriculture

Jiayu Group invested in Fuxin 800MW solar photovoltaic wind power comprehensive demonstration base project

From March 9th to 10th, Jiayu Group plans to invest a total of 4.6 billion yuan to build a Fuxin high-efficiency CSP + clean energy production base and a 500MW solar photovoltaic power station and a 300MW wind power station project; CSP + clean energy heating products will also gradually be in Fuxin Promotion and application of municipal construction projects such as hospitals and schools.

Longji commissions another 5GW solar module plant

On March 16th, the first Hi-MO 4 solar module was rolled out at the factory in Jiangsu Longji Leye, which means that the 5GW solar module project factory in Jiangsu Longji was officially put into operation, and the large-scale mass production of 166-size products is underway. One advance. At the same time, Longji’s ability to supply global high-power solar module products has been further strengthened.

Tongwei Solar Jintang 30GW high-efficiency solar cell and supporting project started

On March 25, the commencement ceremony of Tongwei Solar Solar Photovoltaic Industry Base project was grandly held in Chengdu Huaizhou New City. The total investment is about 20 billion yuan. In Jintang County, Chengdu, an annual output of 30 GW high-efficiency solar cells and supporting projects will be built. It is estimated that the added output value will be about 70 billion yuan, and more than 10,000 people will be employed. The annual tax will be about 2 billion yuan. The first phase of the project is expected to be completed by the end of this year and put into production in the first quarter of 2021.

SPIC plans to invest 100 billion new projects in 2020. Solar photovoltaic, hydrogen, etc. account for 90%

Among the approximately 300 new investment projects planned by the State Power Investment Corporation in 2020, clean energy and new formats will account for 90%. In this plan with a total investment of 104.4 billion yuan, a number of projects in the fields of nuclear energy, hydrogen energy, solar photovoltaic, and smart energy have appeared, and the investment quota has nearly doubled compared with the same period last year. According to the plan, in the next few years, SPIC will further increase its investment in clean energy. By 2025, the proportion of clean energy installed capacity will reach 60%, and by 2035 it will reach 75%. It will be transformed from a comprehensive energy group into a clean energy company.

Aikang Technology: Plan to Raise 1.7 Billion to Build 1.32GW High-efficiency HJT Project

On the evening of March 17, Jiangsu Aikang Technology Co., Ltd. announced an announcement on the 2019 non-public offering of A shares. According to the proposal, the funds raised in this non-public offering does not exceed 1.7 billion yuan, and the company intends to invest in the company’s 1.32GW high-efficiency heterojunction (HJT) photovoltaic solar cells and solar module projects, as well as to supplement working capital and repay interest-bearing liabilities. Among them, 1.19 billion of the funds raised were used for solar cell and solar module projects, and 510 million were used to supplement working capital and repay interest-bearing liabilities.

Longji announces 7 billion yuan investment in monocrystalline solar cells, silicon rods and solar module projects

On March 23, Longji announced that the company plans to invest in the construction of a 5GW monocrystalline solar module project in Jiaxing, a 10GW monocrystalline silicon rod project in Tengchong and a 7.5GW monocrystalline solar cell project in the first phase of Xi’an Aerospace Base. It is estimated that the total investment will be 7.011 billion yuan.

Huadian Group: 1.5 billion yuan investment in Hubei regional clean energy projects resumed

While ensuring epidemic prevention and control is in place, Huadian Hubei Co., Ltd. accelerates the resumption of production and production of a batch of clean energy projects with a total investment of 1.5 billion yuan, and strives to complete the annual work task in order to win the epidemic prevention and control and economy. Double victory for social development contributes strength.

Jingsheng Electromechanical: Pre-bid in GCL Central’s 1.424 billion single crystal silicon material orders

On March 21, Jingsheng Mechanical and Electrical issued a reminder announcement that the company was the first candidate to win. The announcement shows that recently, according to the Chinese tendering and bidding public service platform, GCL Central’s renewable energy solar cell monocrystalline silicon material industrialization project of the fifth phase of the second batch of equipment procurement, the first package, the second package, the third package won the bid The candidate announced that Zhejiang Jingsheng Electromechanical Co., Ltd. was the first successful candidate for the above project. The total amount of pre-bids for this pre-bid was 1424.7 million yuan (including GCL Central Renewable Energy Solar Cell Monocrystalline Silicon Materials Industrialization Project Phase V project, the second batch of equipment procurement first pre-bid amount was 1.29.6 billion yuan The pre-bid amount for the second package was 198 million yuan, and the pre-bid amount for the third package was 17.1 million yuan.

JA Solar plans to invest in a 300MW solar photovoltaic parity on-grid project in Chaoyang County

JA Solar announced on the evening of March 23 that Chaoyang Xinghua Solar Power Co., Ltd., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the company, plans to invest in a 300MW solar photovoltaic parity on-grid project in Chaoyang County, Chaoyang City, Liaoning Province. The project construction period is expected to be 2 years. The operation period is 25 years, with a total investment of 1.454 billion yuan. The completion of the project will further expand the company’s solar photovoltaic power station construction scale and increase sales of solar photovoltaic solar modules.

State Grid: preliminary arrangement of 450 billion yuan for grid investment

A new round of UHV construction under “new infrastructure” is reversing the decline in investment in the power grid. As the main force of grid investment, State Grid Corporation of China (hereinafter referred to as “State Grid”) invests hundreds of billions of yuan in grid construction every year. The increase or decrease of its investment amount is directly related to the “money” of upstream and downstream suppliers in the industry chain. view. In 2020, the State Grid will initially arrange 450 billion yuan for grid investment, which will effectively drive social investment of more than 900 billion yuan, and the overall scale will exceed 1.3 trillion yuan.

Tongwei Solar: The total investment of about 20 billion yuan in solar photovoltaic industrial base project started

On March 25, Chengdu Huaizhou Xincheng Tongwei Solar Co., Ltd.’s solar photovoltaic industrial base project with a total investment of about 20 billion yuan started. It is reported that Tongwei Solar Co., Ltd. is the world’s largest crystalline silicon solar cell manufacturer, and its production capacity and output rank first in the global industry. The Tongwei Solar Solar Photovoltaic Industrial Base project in Jintang County has a total investment of about 20 billion yuan, and will build an annual output of 30 GW of high-efficiency solar solar cells and supporting projects. It is estimated that the added output value will be about 70 billion yuan, and more than 10,000 people will be employed, with an annual tax of about 20 100 million yuan.

Trina Guoneng plans to build 4GW high efficiency solar module project

According to the “Yancheng Economic and Technological Development Zone Enterprise Investment Project Credit Commitment Reform Implementation Plan (Trial)” (Yan Kai Ban Fa [2020] No. 13) document, Yancheng Tianhe Guoneng Solar Photovoltaic Technology Co., Ltd. has an annual output of 4GW high-efficiency solar module projects. An application for a credit commitment system has been submitted and has passed joint pre-examination by the department.

Longji clean energy total investment of about 1 billion 200MW solar photovoltaic parity project started

On March 26, the “Xinrong Longji Green Energy 100MW Solar Photovoltaic Parity Demonstration Project” and “Xi’an Longji Hunyuan 100MW Solar Photovoltaic Power Generation Price Project” independently developed and constructed by Xi’an Longji Clean Energy Co., Ltd., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Longji Co., Ltd. Construction of several projects in Datong City, Shanxi Province. It is reported that the parity on-grid demonstration projects started in the same period mentioned above are respectively located in Xinrong District and Hunyuan County of Datong City, with a total investment of about 1 billion yuan. Longji Clean Energy succeeds the 30MW solar photovoltaic poverty alleviation power station in Datong County of Datong City, and Guangling County of Datong City. After the 30MW solar photovoltaic poverty alleviation power station, another major solar photovoltaic power station project was constructed in Datong.

Posted by Carrie Wong | WSL Solar  

WSL Solar has been a quality and professional manufacturer of custom solar panel and solar solution provider in China since 2006.

How to Make a Custom Solar Panel?

Solar panel is a device that converts solar energy into electrical energy, and solar energy is an inexhaustible source of energy.

Now more and more custom solar panels are being applied to off-grid solar applications, such as solar chargers, solar attic fans, solar traffic sign, solar LED lighting, solar IoT etc.

While do you know how to make a custom solar panel? Welcome to watch this video, it could be helpful for you.

Posted by Carrie Wong | WSL Solar

WSL Solar has been a quality and professional manufacturer of custom solar panel and solar solution provider in China since 2006.

What are the Basic Parameters of Custom Solar Panels?

Custom Solar Panels have several basic parameters, rated power (Pmax), efficiency (η), open circuit voltage (Voc), short circuit current (Isc), peak voltage (Vmpp), and peak current (Impp).

Custom Solar Panel

Their definitions are as follows:

Rated power (Pmax): indicates the power generated by the maximum power point voltage when the custom solar panel is at the standard ambient temperature (STC, ie, the atmospheric mass is 1.5, ambient temperature is 25 ° C, the light radiation intensity is 1000 W/m 2 );

Efficiency (η): represents the photoelectric conversion efficiency of the silicon wafer inside the custom solar panel, such as an efficiency of 16.5%, which means that the silicon wafer can generate 165 W of electricity per square meter;

Open circuit voltage (Voc): indicates the voltage across the positive and negative terminals (custom solar panel’s no-load voltage) when the solar panel is open at standard ambient temperature;

Short-circuit current (Isc): indicates the short-circuit current generated by short-circuit between the positive and negative terminals of the solar panel when the panel is at the standard ambient temperature;

Peak voltage (Vmpp): indicates the operating voltage of the customized solar panel at the maximum power point (the highest voltage in strong light) when the panel is at the standard ambient temperature;

Peak current (Impp): Indicates the operating current corresponding to the operating voltage of the solar panel at the maximum power point when the panel is at the standard ambient temperature.

Author: Carrie Wong

From WSL Solar Co., Ltd.

WSL Solar has been a quality and professional manufacturer of custom solar panel and solar solution provider in China since 2006.


Ranked No. 1 in the World for 4 Consecutive Years. Why Jinko?

Recently, Jinko has frequently moved, and international solar module orders have been continuously updated. At the same time, it has also raised its 2020 performance forecast. 

According to incomplete statistics, JinkoSolar’s international solar photovoltaic module orders opened in 2020 only reached 1.2GW. 

5W Solar Panel from WSL Solar

Judging from the recent international orders signed, including Sri Lanka and Hungary, JinkoSolar supplies 400W high-efficiency Cheetah solar panels for Sri Lanka roof projects and 13.6MW modules for 19 photovoltaic power stations in Hungary. 

The announcement revealed that JinkoSolar provided 2MW high-efficiency Cheetah series solar panels to Jacksons Power and Energy in Sri Lanka, which is currently one of the country’s largest rooftop photovoltaic systems. Compared with traditional single-sided solar panels, Cheetah’s 158.75-size half-cell cell design enables industrial and commercial rooftop photovoltaic systems to provide higher power, efficiency, and less shadow blocking effects, increasing the power generation by 15% in the same area. 

In Hungary, JinkoSolar supplied 13.6MW of solar modules to Photon Energy Solutions HU Kft (“Photon Energy”) for installation in three Hungary projects. These projects consist of 19 photovoltaic power plants, located in Tisa Kecske, Hungary, Ormászf it, and Nagyécéd, Hungary. It is understood that the total annual power generation of the above power stations is expected to be 16GWh. 

In addition, JinkoSolar recently provided 1GW of high-efficiency photovoltaic solar panels to photovoltaic power stations in Colombia, Mexico and Spain. 

In fact, most of the orders for photovoltaic module companies in 2020 have been signed in the second half of 2019, and JinkoSolar’s public orders are actually only part of the signed orders. 

People in the photovoltaic industry will not be unfamiliar with Jinko Energy. JinkoSolar Holdings Limited (NYSE: JKS) is a ground company in China, the United States, Japan, Germany, the United Kingdom, Chile, South Africa, India, Mexico, Brazil, the UAE, Italy, Spain, France, Belgium and other regions. Solar power products, solutions and technical services are provided by power station, commercial and civil customers. 

It is worth mentioning that JinkoSolar recently raised its forecast for the fourth quarter and full year of 2019. 

JinkoSolar predicts that total solar PV module shipments in the fourth quarter of 2019 will reach 4.5GW-4.6GW, with total revenue of US $ 1.35 billion-US $ 1.38 billion, respectively, a 6% increase from previous estimates, 14%. In terms of gross profit margin, JinkoSolar is expected to reach 18% -20% in the fourth quarter of 2019, and the previous guidance price was 18.5% -20.5%. 

For the full year of 2019, JinkoSolar will increase its total solar PV module shipments to 14.3-14.44GW. 

Looking forward to 2020, JinkoSolar estimates that this year’s module shipment will be about 18GW-20GW, which is about 4GW-6GW higher than the full-year forecast for 2019, which means that total PV module shipments will increase by 35%. 

It should be noted that since 2016, JinkoSolar has firmly occupied the leading position in global photovoltaic module shipments. 

According to statistics, JinkoSolar continues to be the leader in photovoltaic modules in 2019, and Jinko’s module shipments in 2019 are 14.3-14.44GW, which is 37.86% higher than the second place. This is the fourth consecutive year that JinkoSolar has occupied the largest shipments since 2016. 

JinkoSolar has established a vertically integrated photovoltaic industry chain. As of December 31, 2019, monolithic wafer capacity was 11.5 GW, solar cell capacity was 10.6 GW, and solar module capacity was 16GW. JinkoSolar has 7 production bases worldwide, 15 overseas subsidiaries, and more than 15,000 employees. 

Editor: Carrie Wong / WSL Solar 

WSL Solar has been a quality and professional manufacturer of custom solar panel and solar solution provider in China since 2006.

Source from:

What’s the Construction of a Small Custom Solar Panel?

A solar panel is a device that converts solar energy into electrical energy. Since solar panels can be customized flexibly, small custom solar panels have been applied to many off-grid solar applications, such as solar chargers, solar attic fans, and solar LED lights etc.

Usually the solar panels we see are a complete piece of panel, but do you know what the internal structure of the solar panels is?

Small Custom Solar Panel

Here, we mainly introduce the crystal silicon solar panels that are more common on the market as an example.

The structure of crystalline silicon solar panels is usually: tempered glass / EVA / solar cell / EVA / backsheet.

Solar Panel Construction

(1) Tempered glass: Its function is to protect the main body of power generation (such as solar cells). The choice of light transmission is required:

1. The light transmittance must be high (generally 91% or more); 2. Ultra-white tempering treatment.

(2) EVA: Used to bond fixed tempered glass and solar cell. The quality of transparent EVA material directly affects the life of solar panels. EVA exposed to air is prone to aging and yellowing, thus affecting the light transmission of solar panels, so then, affecting the power generation quality of the solar panels. In addition to the quality of the EVA itself, the influence of the lamination process of the custom solar panel manufacturers is also very large. For example, if the EVA adhesiveness is not up to standard, the bonding strength of EVA and tempered glass and backing plate is insufficient, which will cause EVA early aging, thus affects solar panel’s life.

(3) Solar Cell: Solar cells are the core components of solar panels. The main function of solar cell is power generation. 

(4) Back sheet: Its function is sealed, insulated and waterproof. Generally, materials such as TPT and TPE must be resistant to aging. Most solar panel manufacturers are guaranteed for 25 years. Tempered glass and aluminum alloys are generally no problem. The key is whether the back sheet and silica gel can meet the requirements.

 When the solar cell is soldered, the next step is to laminate, according to the following sequence, tempered glass / EVA / solar cell / EVA / back plate, stacked, and then sent to the laminator for vacuuming, and high temperature lamination. EVA is solid at room temperature, but when EVA is exposed to high temperatures, it becomes liquid. Therefore, in the laminator, after the EVA is melted into a liquid state, the solar cell sheet and the tempered glass and the back sheet are glued together.

Just after laminating from the laminator, usually on the four sides of the solar panel, there is some excess EVA overflow, which requires a knife to cut and burr. After processing, a complete solar panel is produced.

Editor: Carrie Wong / WSL Solar